Karakalpakstan — Asia Travel

Complex of Ayaz — Kala (IV-II century BC)

Complex consists of two fortresses — Big and Small. A large castle located on a hill with a relatively flat surface. The fortress has a rectangular shape with dimensions o9f 152×182 meters. Along the perimeter of the outside, the wall surrounds 35 unfinished towers in the form of a semicircle. The surviving fragments of double-row […]

Big Guldursun (IV-III century BC)

That is frontier fortress of ancient Khorezm, which is located 26 kilometers to north-east of Turtkul town. Under the plan, it is a trapezoidal structure with the size of 350×230 meters, the corners of which are oriented to the cardinal points. Until nowadays, outer walls made of clay and large-size bricks, are relatively well-preserved. Angles, […]

Mizdahkan town (IX century)

The town of Mizdahkan is located near the town of Khodjeyli, not a far distance from Nukus. It is situated in an area of 200 hectares and consists of a fortified castle named Gjaur — Kala (Fortress «infidels»), which was founded on the spot settlement, which can be dated to the IV century BC; the […]

Mausoleum of Mazlumhan Sulu (XIII-XIV century)

This semi-subterranean mausoleum is very unusual in composition and design, is located in the northern part of the necropolis of Mizdahkan. According to legend, it was originally a palace of the Khan’s daughter Muzlum Sulu (Beautiful Martyr). When the city was captured by «infidels», their leader, blinded by the beauty of a girl, fell in […]

Chilpyk (II-IV century)

It is located at 43 kilometers to the south from Nukus city, and is, presumably, the ritual construction of pre-Islamic culture. It was built on a volcanic hill pyramid shape. The construction material is clay, taken from the Amu Darya River’s sediments and adobe brick, made ??from the same clay. The construction is considered to […]

Dzhanpyk-kala (IX-XIV century)

Hillfort of Dzhanpyk-Kala is considered to be one of the finest monuments of the right bank of the Amu Darya River. Sometime during the Middle Ages, it was a port city, which had extensive trade ties with various countries of East and West. The town is located in 6kilometers southeast of Kara-Tau village, in the […]

Koykrylgan — Kala (IV century BC — IV century AD)

That is a religious building with a round two-story building of 44.5 meters in diameter in the center, surrounded by a defensive wall with nine towers. Building’s project and the location of the windows, allowed scientists establish reliably that the construction of the facility was specifically designed to use this object for astrology and observing […]

Toprak — kala (I-IV century AD)

Toprak — kala is a ground a fortress, dubbed so by the local population, the ruins of once majestic building. The town was located on the territory of Ellikalin area, excavations began in 1940 year. Its name (ellik — fifty, kala — castle) the district received because of the many castles that were concentrated close […]


The city remains a tragic monument to deliberate devastation of the environment, which results in excessive human interference in natural processes. Muynak — a real city, a tragedy, dying along with losing their water and the value of the Aral Sea. Earlier Muynak was one of the two major fishing ports of the Aral Sea, […]